Muay Thai

Original Name: 
Muay Thai (มวยไทย, muɛ̄j tʰɑ̄j) - Meaning Thai Boxing
Founded By: 
Siamese soldiers practicing unarmed combat
Country of Origin: 

Muay Thai GuideThe martial art of Muay Thai is practiced all over the world, although it is most common in Thailand (where it is the countries national sport) and other south east Asia countries. Although Muay Thai literally means Thai boxing, it is spoken of in Thailand as being the martial art of eight limbs (the shins, knees, elbows and hands). Together, these eight limbs are known as the "na-wa arwud". The head is another part of the body which is included in this, however it is now very rarely allowed within rules to be used (such as heabutts). Muay Thai's techniques revolve around these points of the body, and as explained further in the practice/training section of this guide - mainly consist of punching, kicking, kneeing, and clinching. The image to the right show the official way and style of writing Muay Thai in Thai languange.

Muay Thai
More information about style: 

The martial art of Muay Thai is the national sport of Thailand and is being religiously practiced in Thailand ever since it was formulated. The origin of this style is accredited to the Ayuddhaya period of 1584, when Thailand was ruled by King Naresuan. This ground-breaking form was a result of the various invasions that the country was subject to at that period of time. This was when the citizens felt the need for a method of self defense. This form of hand to hand combating comprises of changing movements which makes use of the sturdy body parts such as elbows, legs, head and fists. These are some of the eight weapons that hold prime importance in this style of fighting. The system also has provision for the efficient use of basic weapons.


Though Muay Thai was invented in order to serve as a self defense mechanism, it is also very competent when it comes to combating. Punches are an indispensable part of this form. There are various forms of twisting and flexing the wrists that like the straight punch, jab, uppercut, swing and hook which are very helpful in winning the fight or defending oneself successfully. There are also eight elbow techniques like the Sok Ti (Striking Elbow), Sok Hud (Levering Elbow), Sok Tad (Perpendicular Elbow), Sok Klab (Reverse Elbow), Sok Tong (Smash Downward Elbow), Sok Ku (Double Elbows), Sok Sab (Chopping Elbow) and Sok Chieng (Diagonal Elbow).



The knee techniques are also classified as Kao Tone (Straight knee), Kao Nui (Small knee), Kao Dode (Jumping knee), Kao Loi (Flying knee), Kao La (Farewell knee), Kao Lod (Lower knee), and Kao Kratai (Rabbit knee). Kicks in the form of Tae Tad (Side Kick or Round Kick) Tae Kod (Hook kick or Down round kick), Tae Chiang (Diagonal Kick), Tae Pub Nai (Kick to the inside of the knee joint) and Tae Pub Nok (Kick to the outside of the knee joint) are also an important constituent of Muay Thai.


The two important techniques that are followed by Muay Thai practitioners are Mae Mai Muay Thai which is the master technique that is used in order to defeat the opponent as well as Look Mai Muay Thai which are tricks that complement the master techniques. There are 15 techniques each that belong to both these groups which are used very extensively in the practice of this martial art form. Salab Fan Pla (Cross-switch), Ta Then Kham Fak (Old man holding the melon), Hak Kor Erawan (Break the elephant’s neck) and Khuanyak Jab Ling (The giant catches the monkey) are some of the master techniques in this art. On the other hand, Kwang Liew Lang (Deer looks back), Hong Peek Hak (Swan with broken wings) and Graisorn Kham Huai (Tiger descends into the stream) are a few of the complementing techniques.



The art of Muay Thai is considered to be very aggressive and even fatal. It aims at causing the maximum amount of damage with the use of minimum effort. A correct body posture while practicing this form helps in saving a lot of energy while attacking and defending. A perfect timing and targeting the soft spots of the opponents body with hard blows is the basis of this style.