Fujian White Crane
Fujian white crane is one of the seven kinds of martial art form from China, whose style originates from Fujian Province which is famous for its flamboyant, fierce and efficient White Crane kungfu styles. The creation of this style is attributed to Fan Qiang Liang, daughter of a famous Wushu Master. There are different myths that show the birth of this style, which mentions that either she dreamt or was confronted by a white crane, who battled with her and easily defended her attacks. She later observed and adopted this technique to her own fighting styles and the White crane fighting style was born.
The attacker use less physical strength with heavy emphasis on stance and footwork with delicate strength, stressing evasions and attacks to vulnerable areas, using power generated from actions of wrists, shoulder and waist with spring-like whipping movements, where the fights take place in close-range proximity. These fights are short and devastating for the opponent.
There are different forms of the Fujian white crane attack. Since it was developed by a female, there are beauty and dressing up movements also, where the movements are light, soft and agile, characterized by inhaling, exhaling, attacking and defending. Short weapons to develop strong wrists are enhanced by movements of poke, pull, sway, cut, chop, whip, ward-off and so on. The duck diving in the water uses the front kick followed by the left and right punch, where the fists move up, down, left, right and around. The iron rake is a short weapon used according to individual stature, used in actual combat, whose use in the long run makes it simple. Mallet is another weapon with a large head and small end, which is pressed the index finger on its head and thrusting it forward, to break opponent’s bones.
The dodging and swaying process follows strict and agile defend forms with hand and foot. The attacker moves left, then right, then advances and retreats to turn around in a quick snap to exert strength. These practices are also called as ‘trees swaying in the wind’, ‘crane showing its claws’ etc.
The broadsword weapon used represents the crane wings which are used two in number whose handle is held in reverse with the forearm which is used to block, cut, point, thrust, stab and hack for hitting on the upper section of the body. The attack and defense in the middle section is by exertion of the waist strength, where the hand form is curved like an arc to turn and sink into the waist and abdomen followed by agile footwork.
The continual attack on the opponent follows technique of left-falling stroke, horizontal stroke, and vertical stroke where the attacker dodges from left, middle and right using leg and knee movements attacking and breaking in the process.
The white crane spreading its wings, flapping, cross hands follows the technique of arc like stretching and relaxing where the movements are light and clean. The structure of the Fujian white crane fighting art following strict and neat consciousness in defense is excellent for health and self-defense and has excellent impact on developing one’s mind and body.