Bajiquan

Original Name: 
Bajiquan 八極拳 - Bājíquán; meaning "eight extremes fist"
Founded By: 
Wu Zhong 吳鍾 (1712-1802)
Country of Origin: 
China
Introduction: 

Bajiquan is a form of martial art, which originated in China and is known for its powerful elbow strikes. This form is also known by the name Baziquan. Baji in Bajiquan roughly means ‘including everything’. It was in Taiwan, that the first traces of Bajiquan have been found. One of the earliest teachers was Wu Zhong. Like any other martial art form, there are a few tactics which are followed during the fight. Ba Ji is a tactic where the arms of the opponent are opened forcibly, followed by mount attacks in low, mid and high levels of the body.

When the contender stands close to the opponent and is not striking, the fist remains slightly open. On being loose, it is upopsed to resemble a rake. During sparring or fighting, the moves are mainly motioned downward, which also projects the working of a rake. It is the connection with the rake, which has been responsible for the naming of the form as Bajiquan.

More information about style: 

Bajiquan is used for closed combat and attacks are frequent on knee, hip, elbows and shoulders. If you are too close to the opponent, there will be relentless strikes on the soft points of the opponent. There are various vulnerable parts in the body like the neck, trunk of the body and legs. The strike comes as a powerful blow and if it is effective enough, the opponent will be knocked down. The first step of Bajiquan is Ding in which the shoulder, fist or the elbow is used for pushing either upward or forward. It will be followed by Bao, where arms envelope the body of the opponent. Although it looks like a hug, the embrace can be deadly. Then there is a brief split, which is known as Pi.

 

In Ti, the knees are elevated to strike on the thigh of the other person. Foot is often used to hit the shin bone. Kua involves the use of hip to strike the opponent. In Chan, there will be a rotating movement around the shoulder, wrists and elbow. There are both fist and weapon forms in Bajiquan. As for the former, there are 20 different forms and as for the weapon form, it is divided into 8 different types. You can find out about the Chun Yang Jian or the sword method, the Liu He Da Qiang or spear form.

 

Bajiquan experts have noted that the form of power generation is extremely important in this martial art form. Jin is the method, through which power is generated and fajin is known as explosive power, which can be deadly for the opponent. This art form has a swinging motion, which helps in creating momentum; the ‘one-hit’ method is effective, when applied from a close range. The form can be perfected through years of training and hard work. Footwork is very important for this form. The lower-body training is very strenuous and it takes days to perfect this move.

 

Much emphasis is given on the horse stance, where the trainee is required to pose higher than the Long Fist style. When you look at hand movements, you will find 8 different poses. Bajiquan has influenced a number of other styles. These are not direct lifts, but they follow the basic principle of the method of hitting the opponent. Some of the popular ones are known as ‘Bashi Chui’ or ‘Eight Striking forms’, ‘Lonxing Bashi’ or the ‘Eight postures of the Dragon style’, ‘Bashi’ or ‘eight postures. It is hard not to mention one of the most famous, legendary Kung fu experts in this connection; Bruce Lee has also studied this form along with other Chinese martial art forms.