One of the largest component of capoeira philosophy is "malicia". To understand this is to begin to understand capoeira and it's philosophies. The following passage will give you a brief look into that philosophy:
"The malicia which the capoeirista refers to is an indispensable trait in the game of capoeira. In capoeira, malicia means a mixture of shrewdness, street- smarts, and wariness.
It may be said that malicia has two basic aspects. The first is knowing the emotions and traits--aggressiveness, fear, pride, vanity, cockiness, etc.--which exists within all human beings. The second is recognizing these traits when they appear in another player, and therefore being able to anticipate the other player's movements, whether in the roda or in everyday life. The player who is malicioso is able to dodge under an opponent's kick and prepare for a counterattack or takedown before the assailant finsihes what he started. In everyday life, he should be able to recognize the real human beign that hides beneath the social mask of someone he has just met.
Another aspect of malicia consists of deceiving or faking the opponent into thinking tht you are going to execute a certain move when in fact you are going to do something completely different and unexpected.
The development of malicia is a never-ending process that is stimulated by playing the game itself, by observing others as they play capoeira, and by observing everyday events in our lives and in the lives of others." [The Little Capoeira Book, Nestor Capoeira, page 33]
Capoeira is not only "just" a fighting system. It's much deeper than "just" a warrior's dance. There is much more to it than "just" a game of cunning, strategy and wit played between a group of friends....or an acrobatic show at a public demonstration. It is a way of life.
It is often said that inside the roda mimics life in the world outside of the roda. Inside the roda is where you will find all of the mysteries and philosophies of capoeira. Taking hold of them will be beneficial to the capoeirista when he goes out into the world to deal with life.